AI-Driven Robotics in Knee Surgery: Improving the Efficiency and Longevity of Artificial Joints

Mr. Victory Akhimien
Published at: 27/3/2024

AI-Driven Robotics in Knee Surgery: Improving the Efficiency and Longevity of Artificial Joints

AI-Driven Robotic Knee Replacement

Technological advancements in AI have over the years enhanced the quality of life by improving the efficiency and productivity of therapy, especially in the area of orthopaedic surgery. Robot-assisted knee surgeries are advanced surgical procedures that employ the use of robotic technology to enhance the surgical precision, accuracy, and efficacy of the surgeon. Moreover, the integration of AI and robotic technology has given birth to Artificially Intelligent Robots (AIR) that can perform surgical operations with real-time simulations and high-level alignment accuracy.

Procedural Steps in AI-Driven Robotic Knee Replacement

Before a surgical procedure is conducted, a comprehensive evaluation of the knee is analysed using highly defined imaging techniques such as CT scans or MRI. Outlined below are several steps to consider:

Preoperative analysis: 

In the preoperative planning phase, MRI scans are analysed using an AI algorithm to design a 3D model for the patient undergoing knee replacement. This can help the surgeon to carry out a real-time simulation, giving the surgeon a good visual perspective of the patient's anatomy, hence aiding with implant selections, alignments, and positioning. AIR technology can help with real-time simulation during a preoperative phase and an intraoperative phase.

Surgical Navigation:

The AIR provides real-time guidance during surgical intervention. The AI-powered navigation system helps to keep track of the position, alignments, and movement of the surgical instrument, thereby ensuring a highly precise cut to the knee and implant alignment. The AIR is usually equipped with sensors and cameras which help as a guide during the resection of bones. This gives real-time feedback to the surgeon and ensures that only the damaged bones are removed whilst preserving the healthy bones of the patient. The artificial knee implants such as the femoral component, and the tibial component is precisely inserted with the help of the robotic system.

Surgical Benefit of Robotic Knee Replacement

  • The use of AI-driven robotic technology can help reduce the risk of implant misalignment and instability of implant materials.
  • AI-driven robotic technology is beneficial in improving the accuracy and precision of implant materials, hence preserving the longevity of the joint.
  • Several studies have shown that the use of AI-driven robotic technology can help facilitate the pace of rehabilitation time.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: What are the benefits of Robotic Knee Replacement over traditional Knee Replacement Surgery?

The level of precision and accuracy achieved in robotic knee replacement outweighs the traditional knee replacement surgery. Advanced real-time visualisation helps to guide the navigation of the surgeon during the procedure. Other benefits include a low risk of complications such as misalignments and a faster rate of recovery.

Q2: Are there any risks associated with the use of robotic technology in knee replacement?

Just like any other surgery, there are potential risks associated with this robotic knee surgery. Some of these risks include infection, nerve damage, blood clots, and implant issues. However, the use of robotic technology can help reduce the level of these risks.

Q3: How long does it take to complete a robotic knee replacement?

Robotic knee replacement takes several hours to complete, this is dependent on the level of complexity and severity of the knee as well as the surgeon's experience.

Q4: What are the recovery expectations after a robotic knee surgery?

There is no specific recovery expectation for everyone because patients differ from each other. However, with good physical therapy and rehabilitation, strength and mobility can be achieved for a patient. See your surgeon’s postoperative notes for guidance.

Q5: How will I know if my knee surgery is going to be done using robotic technology?

Before your surgery is done the procedure will be explained by the surgeon. This will be a transparent process that a patient will consent to before the procedure is done.

Conclusively, the ability of surgeons to navigate through surgical procedures with real-time simulation has given the field of orthopaedic surgery an edge in the area of knee replacement. This however has reduced the rate of revision cases for knee replacements due to the high level of accuracy and precision with AIR. Since the emergence of robotic technology in orthopaedics, knee surgery has been evolving with new technological ideas that can revolutionise the field of medicine. Keep up to date with discoveries from MSKDoctors for informed surgical interventions.


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