Fractures in the ankle can range from the less serious avulsion injuries (small pieces of bone that have been pulled off) to severe shattering-type breaks of the tibia, fibula or both. Ankle fractures are common injuries most often caused by the ankle rolling inward or outward.
An olecranon (oh-LEK-rah-nun) fracture is a break in the bony “tip” of the elbow. This pointy segment of bone is part of the ulna, one of the three bones that come together to form the elbow joint.
A hand fracture is a break in one of the bones in the hand. … A broken hand can be caused by a fall, crush injury, twisting injury, or through direct contact in sports. In most cases, a hand fracture will heal well with nonsurgical treatment.
A knee fracture is a break or crack in 1 or more of the bones in the knee joint. … Some fractures may stick out through the skin. The bones in the knee include the upper leg bone (also called the thighbone or femur), the 2 lower leg bones (the tibia and the fibula), and the kneecap (patella).
Common wrist fractures include, Colles’ fracture (distal radius with dorsal displacement of fragments). Smith’s fracture (distal radius with volar displacement of fragments). Scaphoid fracture. Barton’s fracture (fracture dislocation of the radiocarpal joint). Chauffeur’s fracture (fracture of the radial styloid).
A clavicle fracture is a break in the collarbone, one of the main bones in the shoulder. This type of fracture is fairly common—accounting for about 5 percent of all adult fractures.
Fractures of the foot include toe fractures and fractures of the middle bones of the foot (metatarsal fractures), the two small round bones at the base of the big toe (sesamoid fractures), or the bones at the back of the foot, including fractures of the heel bone.
Hip fractures are cracks or breaks in the top of the thigh bone (femur) close to the hip joint. They’re usually caused by a fall or an injury to the side of the hip, but may occasionally be caused by a health condition, such as cancer that weakens the hip bone.
Fractures commonly involve the clavicle (collar bone), proximal humerus (top of the upper arm bone), and scapula (shoulder blade). Dislocations occur when the bones on opposite sides of a joint do not line up. Dislocations can involve any of three different joints.